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Nano-tech
 
Nanotechnology
Quite simply, nanotechnology is technology on the molecular scale, particularly the building of functional machines of this size or of the building of machines that directly manipulate molecules.

Nanotechnology provides invisible little machines that can build, repair, or destroy things at the molecular level, from buildings to diseases. These little machines can manipulate the air that enters our lungs, the bullet impacting our left arm, and rejoin the torn fabric of our favourite shirt.


External nanites can be released to perform permanent jobs in the real world, such as building a house, keeping a knife sharp, or trimming the shrubs. Internal nanites can be swallowed, sniffed, or otherwise ingested to destroy diseases within the body, augment biological processes, or reinforce or repair tissues. Utility Fog, or UFog, is a cloud of buoyant nanites that surround a person and can act as shielding or group together to form simple objects like chairs.

Perpetuation and Upgrade
Groups of nanites that are intended to perform a job over some length of time will often include nanoconstructors that perpetuate the group. A percentage of the group will exist for no other purpose than to replace functional nanites that wear out. Upgrades to nanites can be performed simply by introducing new nanoconstructors that decommission old nanoconstructors and rebuild upgraded nanites.


Nanoconstructors

Nanoscopic machines, little more than the size of a few atoms, designed and built to carry out construction operations on the molecular level. Nanoconstructors will generally build things in one of two ways. Matrix nanoconstructors will bind themselves together to form buildings and objects or act as the binding matrix in polymers. 

Types of Matrix nanoconstructors:
Electrites matrix nanites that bind together through electrostatic charge
Magnites matrix nanites that bind together through magnetism or electromagnetism
Granites matrix nanites that bind together through gravity
Foglets - buoyant nanites, prevalent in UFog, with the ability to form molecular bonds, used to form physical objects

Manipulative nanoconstructors will manipulate readily available natural materials such as stone and build it up into objects or buildings. Manipulative nanoconstructors are generally designed to use natural laws in the creation process, encouraging materials to form real molecular bonds. When an object or building is complete, the nanoconstructors either self-destruct or remain active to provide cleaning and maintenance routines. Ultimately, the object or building is identical to one constructed by more traditional means.

Virile nanoconstructors exist to build other nanoconstructors.

Medically speaking, nanoconstructors are essential. Without nanoconstructors, medical science would be thrown back to the days of knives and sutures. Nanoconstructors are programmed to identify and eliminate undesirable entities like poisons and cancer cells. They can carry, rebuild, and replace tissues to repair that which has failed or been damaged. Specialized nanoconstructors can be programmed by medical specialists to perform a variety of interesting effects from rebalancing internal chemical levels, to strengthening bone structure beyond normal, to rebuilding damaged organs and tissues. All without the need for primitive cutting.

Materials
Most modern materials rely on NanoMatrix construction. Simply, the atomic bonds that hold things together are formed by nanites. Nanoconstructors may be designed which entice the formation of particular bonds between particular molecules to create a natural or synthetic material. In more active matrix materials, nanobinders remain in place in the material and actually act as the bonds between molecules which allows the combination of a wide variety of substances with a wide variety of properties.